Payroll Employment, Earnings And Hours an Upward Trend
Statscan - Non-farm payroll employment rose by 30,100 in March, bringing total gains since the start of the upward trend in August 2009 to 115,700 (+0.8%). The job growth in March was spread across a number of industries.
Fourth consecutive monthly payroll employment increase in manufacturing
In manufacturing, payroll employment rose for a fourth consecutive month, increasing by 6,100 in March. Over these four months, 23,800 jobs (+1.6%) have been added to manufacturing payrolls. The last time the manufacturing sector had four months of consecutive job increases was in the autumn of 2000.
In March, manufacturing sector job growth was spread across a number of industries, led by an increase in meat product manufacturing (+1,700). These manufacturing gains were partially offset by job losses in pulp, paper and paperboard mills.
Job growth in construction and mining
Manufacturing was not the only goods sector with job gains in March. Both construction (+5,600) and mining, oil and gas extraction (+3,900) also had gains in payroll employment in the month.
The number of jobs in construction has grown by 28,100 since August 2009, with eight consecutive months of modest gains. Growth has been particularly notable among specialty trade contracting and building construction industries. Some industries with ties to construction have also experienced job gains over this period, including building material and supplies dealers; and lumber, millwork, hardware and other building supplies wholesaler-distributors.
The number of jobs in mining, oil and gas extraction has grown by 8,900 since August 2009, mainly driven in recent months by support activities for mining, oil and gas extraction and, to a lesser extent, mining and quarrying. Some of these recent gains have been offset by job losses in oil and gas extraction, which has been declining since May 2009.
Modest gains in services
There was modest monthly job growth spread across the service sector (+8,600), most notably computer systems design and related services; universities; management, scientific and technical consulting services; and business, professional, labour and other membership organizations.
These gains in services were partly offset by declines in retail trade, mainly in grocery stores and health and personal care stores; depository credit intermediation (i.e., banks and credit unions); business support services; traveller accommodation; and full-service restaurants.
Weekly earnings growth accelerating since December 2009
In March, average weekly earnings, including overtime, of non-farm payroll employees was $844.45, up 2.9% from March 2009. In recent months, the pace of growth in average weekly earnings has accelerated.
Among Canada's largest industrial sectors, growth in average weekly earnings from March 2009 to March 2010 were above average in educational services (+8.9%); accommodation and food services (+3.3%); and retail trade (+3.1%).
Year-over-year average weekly earnings, including overtime, rose in every province. Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador both experienced the fastest earnings growth in March (+4.8%) followed by Alberta (+3.6%).
Comparing the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours and the Labour Force Survey
These data come from the Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours (SEPH). SEPH is a business survey that provides a detailed portrait of employees by industry. It complements information from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), which is a household survey.
Data on employment, wages and hours derived from these two surveys differ for a number of reasons.
First, the reference periods are different. LFS data are collected during a "reference week," usually the week following the 15th of the month. For SEPH, the reference period is an entire month.
The LFS includes people who are self-employed, as well as workers who take unpaid leave. SEPH does not cover these groups. Industry coverage for the LFS is comprehensive; SEPH excludes agriculture, fishing and trapping, and religious organizations.
The two count multiple job holders differently. In the LFS, people with more than one job are counted only once as "employed". SEPH is a count of filled positions on payroll, so each job is counted separately.
Finally, national data produced by the LFS do not include people living in the three territories or on reserves while SEPH does. LFS data are based on where people usually reside. SEPH counts employees in the province or territory where they work, although this has little effect on the comparability at the national level.
Note to readers
Unless otherwise stated, this release presents seasonally adjusted data, which facilitates comparisons by removing the effects of seasonal variations.