Price of Goods
Consumer Price Index rises in October 2012
Statscan - Consumer prices rose 1.2% in the 12 months to October, matching the increases in August and September. Energy prices rose at a slower year-over-year rate in October compared with September, while air transportation, food purchased from stores and property taxes posted larger price gains.
Energy prices advanced 1.7% in the 12 months to October, after rising 2.9% in September. This slower increase was led by smaller price gains for electricity and gasoline.
The 12-month change in the energy index
The cost of electricity increased 1.7% on a year-over-year basis in October, after rising 6.0% in September. This smaller increase in the electricity index was the result of price declines recorded in Alberta.
Gasoline prices rose 4.0% in the 12 months to October, following a 4.7% increase in September. Prince Edward Island (+9.0%) had the largest year-over-year increase, while British Columbia (+0.3%) had the smallest.
Natural gas prices declined 11.6% in the 12 months to October, after decreasing 14.2% in September. Despite a monthly price increase, the natural gas index was one of the largest downward contributors to the year-over-year change in the All-items Consumer Price Index (CPI) in October.
The 12-month change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and CPI excluding energy
Excluding energy, the CPI rose 1.1% in the 12 months to October, after rising 0.9% in September.
12-month change in the major components
Consumer prices rose in every major component in the 12 months to October, except for clothing and footwear.
Prices rise in every major component except clothing and footwear
Food prices rose 2.0% in the 12 months to October, following a 1.6% increase in September. The October increase was led by year-over-year price gains for meat (+5.1%) and food purchased from restaurants (+2.1%).
Prices for transportation rose 1.7% on a year-over-year basis in October, after rising 1.6% in September. The increase in the transportation component in October was led by price gains for gasoline. Consumers also paid more for air transportation.
Shelter costs increased 0.9% in the 12 months to October, after rising 1.2% in September. Consumers paid 2.8% more in property taxes. Homeowner's replacement cost and rent also increased. Conversely, mortgage interest cost decreased 2.6%, continuing a pattern of year-over-year declines observed since 2009.
12-month change in the provinces
The largest year-over-year increase in consumer prices in October occurred in Newfoundland and Labrador, while the smallest occurred in British Columbia.
Prices grow the fastest in Newfoundland and Labrador and the slowest in British Columbia
Prices in Newfoundland and Labrador rose 2.2% in the 12 months to October, a full percentage point above the national average of 1.2%. This difference was mainly attributable to larger year-over-year price increases in Newfoundland and Labrador for food purchased from stores and electricity. Additionally, since natural gas is not widely consumed in the province, the downward contribution of natural gas recorded for Canada in October is not a factor in the province's All-items CPI.
Consumer prices in British Columbia increased 0.5% in the 12 months to October, after rising 0.7% in September. In addition to recording the smallest year-over-year price increase for gasoline, British Columbia posted a decline in homeowner's replacement cost.
In Alberta, consumer prices rose 0.6% on a year-over-year basis in October, after advancing 1.4% in September. This slower increase in the Alberta CPI in October compared with September was the result of price decreases for electricity.
Seasonally adjusted monthly CPI increases
On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the CPI increased 0.3% in October, after rising 0.2% in September.
Seasonally adjusted Consumer Price Index increases
The seasonally adjusted index for transportation advanced 0.9%, matching the increase in September. The food index rose 0.5% in October, after declining 0.2% the previous month. The index for recreation, education and reading was the only major component to record a decrease, while the clothing and footwear index posted no change.
Bank of Canada's core index
The Bank of Canada's core index rose 1.3% in the 12 months to October, matching the increase in September.
On a monthly basis, the seasonally adjusted core index increased 0.1% in October, after posting no change in September.