Adoption of Technology
Survey of Advanced Technology from 2014
Ottawa - Adoption of advanced technology in more than 6 in 10 enterprises in industries covered by the 2014 Survey of Advanced Technology used at least one technology identified as 'advanced.' The utilities sector had the highest rate of adoption of advanced technology, with three in four enterprises adopting at least one advanced technology.
Although slightly more than 60% of small enterprises (those with 10 to 99 employees) adopted at least one advanced technology, this share was over 90% for large enterprises (those with 250 and more employees).
The adoption of advanced technology is identified as one of the key components of innovation and technological development, leading to benefits including cost reduction, the expansion of product and service lines, and productivity gains.
While previous surveys on advanced technology adoption focused on the manufacturing sector alone, the 2014 Survey of Advanced Technology covered seven additional key sectors within the Canadian economy.
Advanced logistics technologies are the most widely adopted
Among the four advanced technology groups, advanced logistics technologies were the most widely adopted, with more than 40% of all surveyed enterprises adopting at least one.
Advanced green technologies were adopted by the smallest share of enterprises covered by the survey, at just under 10%. However, among enterprises that adopted an advanced green technology, 59.3% used three or more advanced technologies listed within the group.
Overall, 37.9% of enterprises surveyed adopted a technology from at least two of the advanced technology groups.
Advanced logistics technologies
With the globalization of production and trade, Canadian enterprises now compete along the global supply chain. Therefore, adopting advanced logistic technologies may be understood as an element of innovation and economic growth.
This technology group includes material handling and supply chain-related advanced technologies that aim to facilitate the planning, implementation, and flow of goods and services from their point of origin to their final destination.
Enterprises in the wholesale trade sector (50.8%) reported the highest rate of adoption of advanced logistics technologies, followed closely by the utilities (50.7%) and retail trade (48.6%) sectors.
Automated products and parts identification technology, which includes bar and quick response (QR) coding, was the most widely used from this technology group, with more than one in five enterprises adopting this type of technology. Among sectors, retail trade (34.3%) most often adopted this technology.
Advanced business intelligence technologies
Advanced business intelligence technologies are used to collect, process, validate and analyze data to support decision making within enterprises. Such technologies include visually-based software designed to help managers make appropriate decisions based on complex data.
Enterprises in the utilities sector (50.9%) had the highest rate of adoption of advanced business intelligence technology, followed by the professional, scientific and technical services (39.6%) and wholesale trade (29.0%) sectors.
The most widely adopted advanced business intelligence technology was 'software as a service (SaaS),' reported by 15.0% of all surveyed enterprises. In general, SaaS consists of a separately located data centre that hosts an enterprise's software and associated data; examples include cloud-based storage, corporate email systems and customer relationship managers. Enterprises within the utilities sector (31.3%) had the highest SaaS adoption rate.
Advanced design and fabrication technologies
Advanced design and fabrication technologies comprise 24 advanced technologies that focus primarily on prototyping goods and improving production methods. Most of the technologies included in this group are commonly known as advanced manufacturing technologies.
Among sectors, manufacturing recorded the highest rate of adoption of advanced design and fabrication technologies, with nearly 6 in 10 manufacturing enterprises using at least one such technology. Manufacturing most commonly adopted virtual product development or modelling software (computer-aided design, computer-aided engineering, computer-aided manufacturing, etc.) from this technology group.
Advanced green technologies
Advanced green technologies are processes, devices or applications designed to mitigate the effects of human activity on the environment and to promote the sustainability of ecosystems.
The utilities sector reported the highest overall rate of adoption of advanced green technologies, with a quarter of all enterprises within this sector reporting the adoption of at least one advanced green technology.
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (16.1%), manufacturing (15.2%) and transportation and warehousing (14.8%) all reported similar advanced green technology adoption rates.
The most widely adopted advanced green technologies were processes, devices or applications related to the effective and efficient management of waste. Waste technologies include reduce, reuse, and recycle technologies, waste-to-energy technologies, waste-reduction technologies, hazardous-waste management and solid-waste management. In 2014, these types of advanced green technologies were adopted by 5.6% of all enterprises in Canada.
Large enterprises adopt more advanced technology
The use of multiple advanced technologies in Canada is highly concentrated among large enterprises. Specifically, 66.3% of large enterprises reported using three or more advanced technologies, a higher rate than that of medium-sized enterprises (44.8%), and more than double the rate for small enterprises (29.1%).
The variety of advanced technologies adopted by large enterprises was more diversified among the four main advanced technology groups. For instance, 57.1% of large enterprises adopted an advanced technology from at least three different advanced technology groups, compared with 31.8% of medium-sized enterprises and 14.5% of small enterprises.
Investment in advanced technologies
Almost 30% of all enterprises invested in at least one advanced technology from 2012 to 2014. Overall, 17.6% of enterprises reported investing in an advanced logistics technology, the highest level of investment among the four main advanced technology groups. By contrast, 4% of enterprises reported investing in an advanced green technology.
Capital expenditures in advanced technology were financed most frequently by 'internal sources' (87.1%), followed by banking institutions (26.0%), provincial governments (7.5%) and the federal government (5.8%).
Employment size influenced an enterprise's decision to invest in advanced technology. More than 6 in 10 large enterprises (those with 250 and more employees) invested in at least one advanced technology, while fewer than 3 in 10 small enterprises (those with 10 to 99 employees) did so. Small enterprises that invested in advanced technologies identified banking institutions as their main source of financing three times more often than did large enterprises.
Enterprises that did not use or plan to use advanced technology reported different reasons for not making capital expenditures compared with enterprises that used or planned to use advanced technology. Almost 7 in 10 enterprises that did not use or plan to use advanced technologies most commonly reported that these technologies were not applicable to their activities. On the other hand, one-third of enterprises that used or planned to use advanced technologies primarily reported the high cost of advanced technologies as the primary reason for not investing in them.